Ireland has EU’s fewest female graduates in engineering, manufacturing and construction
12 July 2016
Just 15% of engineering graduates in Ireland are female
Almost five million tertiary education students graduated in the European Union (EU) in 2014: some 58% were women and 42% men. However, males account for 73% of all EU graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction (in science, mathematics and computing, men make up 58%) (see Fig 1, below)). These data are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
The share of male graduates in engineering, manufacturing and construction ranged from 61% in Poland to 85% in Ireland (see Fig 2, below). Science, mathematics and computing is another male field in most Member States – apart from Romania (41% of the graduates in this field are men), Portugal (43%), Cyprus (46%), Italy (47%) and Bulgaria (50%). The highest share of male graduates in science, mathematics and computing was in Netherlands (73%), well above the EU average level (58%).
On the other hand, four out of five graduates in education are women (80%). Another field where women are largely overrepresented is health and welfare, with 75% female graduates.
Just 10% of tertiary education graduates in Ireland were in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in 2014, compared to the EU average of 14.4%. Austria, Finland and Germany had the highest number of graduates in this field (20.8%, 20.5% and 20.4%, respectively). Luxembourg (5.6%), the Netherlands (8.2%) and Malta (8.6%) had fewest graduates in this area in 2014.
In all Member States, there were more women among tertiary education graduates than men (58% of graduates were women at EU level). The share of female graduates was particularly high in Estonia and Poland (both 66%). The most balanced gender distribution was observed in Germany (51%) and Ireland (52%).
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